Safety & Health on Construction Sites
International State of the Art Reports
|Edit date: 25-02-2015|
This Report is a compilation of selected papers on construction safety and health from the Proceedings of the First International Conference of CIB Working Commission W99 on the Implementation of Safety and Health on Construction Sites. The Conference was held at the Instituto Superior Tecnico in Lisbon, Portugal from September 4 - 7, 1996.
This Conference provided an opportunity for safety professionals from around the world to share ideas and stimulate thought processes leading to the advancement of construction safety. Topics discussed at the Conference included: safety and health regulations and statistics, planning and controlling construction safety, social and human issues on construction safety, and safety training and education. The large attendance at this Conference demonstrates the importance of this topic.
Each of the three parts in this Report has its own introduction followed by the compilation of papers.
Part 1: Planning and Controlling Safety
This part includes a discussion of general and specific planning/controlling issues related to improved safety and health on construction sites. First, a general overview of planning issues is discussed related to how to develop a safety and health plan in the construction industry. This is followed by more specialised topics of interest such as crane safety, falls and fall protection, and establishing a guide for safety inspections. Finally, a discussion of incorporating safety in the design process in provided.
Part 2: Social and Human Issues Related to Safety
This part provides a very wide ranging and thought provoking selection of papers on social and human issues related to improving construction site safety. Accident investigation and research have repeatedly demonstrated that the vast majority of accidents could have been avoided, if managerial or operative behavior had been different. It is the behavior, or lack of it, of people, which will create, or avoid, the circumstance, or more often the combination of circumstances, in which accidents happen. In order to reduce the frequency of accidents, behavioral and attitude changes are necessary. This part includes important papers covering social and human issues related to improved safety performance.
Part 3: Technological Innovations in Safety
This part includes a variety of interesting papers related to technological innovations in safety. Safety technology papers describe innovative concepts for safety improvements using computer applications, revised engineering design principles, or new measurement and statistical analysis schemes.
The papers included in this report give a state-of-the-art description of the application of safety and health related issues in construction practice in various countries. The nature of the included papers is such that they provide practical guidelines for both safety and health managers and consultants.
This report is the second of a series of reports by the W99 Working Commission.
The first report (Publication 187) was a compilation of papers from the Fifth Annual Rinker International Conference on Construction Safety and Loss Control conducted at the University of Florida in 1996. Subsequent reports will include future trends of construction safety and health, as well as developments in leading-edge technology.
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